TRENTON, November 4, 2017—When New Jersey voters go to the polls on Nov. 7 to choose the state’s next governor, most will also have the opportunity to elect members of their local boards of education.

In 530 New Jersey school districts, the Annual School Election takes place in November. This year, 1,590 board of education positions are on the ballot statewide. In addition, voters in eight school districts will act on ballot proposals, ranging from construction bond issues, to requests to increase the local tax levy above the state’s 2 percent cap, to proposed changes in composition of the local school board.

Starting in 2012, communities were permitted to change the date of their annual school board elections from April to November. Over 90 percent of school districts now conduct November elections. Only 13 school districts hold their annual elections in April. (In addition, there are 41 districts in which school board members are appointed by the mayor or the county board of freeholders.)


This year, 2,046 candidates filed petitions to run for the 1,590 school board positions on the ballot. This represents a slight change from 2016, when 1,974 candidates filed petitions to run for the 1,533 school board positions on the ballot. The ratio of candidates per open seat was roughly the same both years, approximately 1.29 candidates per available seat.

In 2015, the ratio was 1.22 candidates per seat, according to data gathered from the state’s 21 county clerks. In 2011, the last year in which all board member elections were held in April, there were 1.44 candidates for each available seat.


School boards may place special questions on the November election ballot, and this year eight districts have done so.

  • Three school boards are asking voters to approve funding beyond the state’s 2-percent tax levy cap for specific items.
  • Two boards are holding referendums asking voters to approve borrowing for school construction projects.
  • Three boards of education have other questions, including proposals to change from an appointed to an elected board; to eliminate Civil Service employment in the district; and to ask voters if they would like to change the size of the board of education.

Tax Levy Questions School boards may place questions on the ballot asking voters to approve spending outside of the state’s 2-percent tax levy cap. The question must state if the additional revenue sought would represent a permanent or a one-time increase in the district’s tax levy. The three districts with tax levy questions include:

Ho-Ho-Kus (Bergen County) – $450,000 to restore co-curricular clubs and athletics that were eliminated from the budget, hire an additional teacher, and pay for technology costs and the Board of Education’s STEAM program. Approval will result in a permanent increase to the tax levy.

Netcong (Morris County) – $85,000 for the hiring of one elementary school teacher, including benefits, for the purpose of reducing class size. Approval will result in a permanent increase to the tax levy

Warren Hills Regional (Warren County) — $762,900 to continue select B level and freshman athletic programs, including soccer, filed hockey, basketball, baseball, softball, lacrosse and cheer, to include moving a part-time athletic secretary to full-time; and departmental high school and middle school field trips.  Approval of those items will result in a $176,521 permanent tax levy increase. Also proposed is a $586,379 budget-year only increase to support technology infrastructure upgrades, to support student technology in the classrooms, and student data warehousing software to monitor student achievement and growth.

Construction Proposals The annual school election also serves as one of five dates during the year when school boards may ask voters to approve school construction proposals. On November 7, voters in two school districts will decide proposed school construction referendums. Under the Educational Facilities and Construction and Financing Act of 2000, the state will fund at least 40 percent of eligible school construction costs through annual debt service aid.

Statewide amount proposed – $50,195,601

State funding – $24,446,894 (State reimbursement through annual debt service aid equaling at least 40% of eligible costs)

Belleville (Essex County) — Renovations, upgrades, site improvements; building envelope improvements including window, door and roof replacement; facilities system upgrades; renovations to multipurpose room/auditorium; ADA compliance, including elevator installation, among other items.

Total amount: $48,536,601

State funds: $23,782,934

Green Township (Sussex County) — Roof replacement, acquisition and installation of unit ventilators and air conditioners, and ADA improvements at the Green Hills School.

Total amount: $1,659,900

State funds: $663,960

Other Ballot Questions In three districts, voters will act on questions related to district or school board operations.

Millville (Cumberland County) – Voters will act on a question to allow the school board to rescind participation of Title 11A and Title 4A of the New Jersey Statutes, which covers the Civil Service system. The recession would take effect on Jan. 1, 2018. The Millville teachers’ union challenged the question, and a Superior Court judge set a trial for Nov. 14. If the district prevails, the judge said he would enter an order preventing the vote results from being certified, according to published reports.

Orange (Essex County) – Voters will decide whether to reclassify the district from one with an appointed board of education to one with an elected board.

Loch Arbour (Monmouth County) – Voters will be asked if the new school district board should contain three, five, seven or nine members. The district was created on May 1, 2017, with five appointed board members.


The New Jersey School Boards Association is a federation of the state’s local boards of education and includes the majority of New Jersey’s charter schools as associate members. NJSBA provides training, advocacy and support to advance public education and promote the achievement of all students through effective governance.